# Chess Endgame Fundamentals: King + Pawn vs. King

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Learn how to properly evaluate and play one of the most common chess endgames: king + pawn versus king!

Opposition is present when:
– Kings on same color square (along the file)
– Odd number of squares in between the kings
– Opponent’s turn to move

1. @big93scott says:

Firstly, this was super helpful. I'm working my way through your endgame series and it's been excellent. However, one thing I can't help but point out from this one: rules 1 and 2 are redundant. If the kings are on the same colour square / on the same file, there will always be an odd number of squares between them.

2. @KissMyBalls says:

Thank you so much for this! Do you have a video where you explain the exceptions? Like the key squares and edge pawns

3. @KissMyBalls says:

4:25
1 – Same file and color square
2 – Odd number of squares between
3 – Black's turn

5:21
The 3 squares

7:17 + 7:28 + 8:04 + 8:30
Find the best move (White)

11:31
If you have to retreat with your king, you should always go directly backwards.

10:54 + 11:49
Find the best move (Black)

13:37
Evaluate the position (White)

14:56
Evaluate the position (Black)
(16:10 = correct move)

17:43
Exception! If white has a an available pawn move after black gets the opposition. (reserve tempo in distant opposition)

19:15
More on exceptions, like key squares and edge pawns, like rook pawns in particular. There's some cases where the opposition does not apply.

Key squares = A knight pawn on its sixth rank, the defending king in the corner, and the defender to move. White king is on c7 or c8 = stalemate

The defending side prefers symmetry with the kings they. They like the kings on the same file, because that stops the stronger side's king from coming up. It doesn't want the king to get in front of the pawn.
The side that's trying to win prefers assymetry. Remember that outflanking idea. The side that's trying to win wants the king to be able to pass the other king and work it's way up the board.

4. @jongler9775 says:

Thank you for imparting us your knowledge in such a lovely way.

5. Valentin says:

GREAT PLAYLIST! Thank you!

6. GHB says:

9:54 Zugzwang

7. d4rk5h4dow says:

at 13:47, what is the winning move for white? You only went over the losing moves

8. devashish thapa says:

Thank you very much for teaching us. God bless you

9. Tom Offer-Westort says:

Just watched this yesterday and came back to say it saved my game today.

10. joe blor says:

[Event "AI Factory's Chess"]

[Site "Android Device"]

[Date "2023.02.17"]

[Round "1"]

[White "Cpu (12)"]

[Black "You"]

[PlyCount "36"]

[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d6 4. Nc3 a6 5. Bxc6+ bxc6

6. d4 Bd7 7. dxe5 dxe5 8. Nxe5 Nf6 9. Bg5 Bd6 10. Nxd7 Qxd7

11. Bxf6 gxf6 12. O-O O-O-O 13. Qd3 Rd8g8 14. Qxa6+ Kb8 15. Qc4 Rxg2+

16. Kxg2 Qg4+ 17. Kh1 Qf3+ 18. Kg1 Rg8# 0-1

11. linsqo piring says:
12. Shawn Wilson says:

Such a great video!!!

13. John Bartholomew says:

Hey guys – hope you enjoyed the video! A couple housekeeping items: 1) I recorded this at night so there wasn't any natural light; hence it's kinda dark – I'm tweaking this in YouTube right now, 2) Right now the video is only available in 360p, but it should be 1080p HD soon. Thanks for watching!

14. Yaruko says:

Great lesson John! thanks for the knowledge

15. Massive Penguin Ping 2023 says:

nice lesson man

16. Jessica Crawford says: