Chess Lesson # 55: Fundamental Chess Endgames | Lucena Position |

The Lucena position can be found in any Chess endgames book. Fundamental endgames like this one separate the experienced players from the rest. In this lesson you are going to learn it the right way with coach Robert Ramirez. The reason why rook endgames are so important is that if you remember, you were taught to start the game by developing your minor pieces, but rooks typically take longer to come out and consequently, they are not traded off so quickly. This allows rooks to make it to the endgame stage very often. Such endgames are pretty complex, but if you pay attention to this lesson, you will start acquiring the necessary skills to make better decisions.

00:00 Intro
01:01 The bridge
04:55 Coach Robert demonstrates how to utilize the Lucena position vs a Chess engine

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My Book Recommendations:
First tactics book:
Mixed tactics book:
Advanced tactics book:
Advanced tactics book (II):
Carlsen’s book (excellent):
Kramnik’s book (excellent):
Pirc Defense book:
Endgames book:

Learn how to play Chess the right way from beginner to master level. National Master Robert Ramirez will take you up the pyramid by following a proven Chess training program he has been improving and implementing for over 10 years.

Benefits of Playing Chess:
​- Promotes brain growth
– Increases problem-solving skills
– It exercises both sides of the brain
– Raises your IQ
– Sparks your creativity
– Teaches planning and foresight
– Teaches patience and concentration
– Optimizes memory improvement
– Improves recovery from stroke or disability
– Helps treat ADHD

Chess is an intellectual battle where players are exposed to numerous mental processes such as analysis, attention to detail, synthesis, concentration, planning and foresight. Psychological factors are also present on and off the board; playing Chess stimulates our imagination and creativity. Every single move a player makes is the result of a deep analysis based on the elements presented on the battlefield.

Chess in its essence teaches us psychological, sociological and even moral values. In a Chess game, both players start with the same amount of material and time. The fact that the white pieces move first is considered to be practically irrelevant —especially because a player typically plays one game as white and one game as black. Consequently, the final result of the battle solely depends on each player. It doesn’t matter if you win by taking advantage of your opponent’s mistakes or by simply avoiding mistakes yourself. Truth is that Chess is an extremely individual sport and our defeats can only be blamed on ourselves and no one else. And this, in the end, only benefits us because we learn to be and feel responsible for our actions and never come up with excuses to justify ourselves.

We also learn that when it comes to our victories on the board, our opponent’s mistakes play a more significant role than our own skills. Let’s not forget that a Chess game without any mistakes would be a draw. This way, Chess provides us with another valuable life lesson: be humble at all times.

About National Master Robert Ramirez:

With an outstanding background as a professional Chess player and over 8 years of teaching experience, Robert Ramirez brings both his passion and his expertise to the board, helping you believe & achieve!

Robert Ramirez was introduced to the fascinating world of Chess when he was 5 years old and has participated in prestigious tournaments such as the World Open Chess Tournament and the Pan American Intercollegiate Team Championships. Thanks to his performance, he has earned his National Master title from the United States Chess Federation.

Currently, NM Ramirez and his carefully selected team teach at several private schools in the counties of Miami-Dade and Broward and they also offer private lessons. He says the key to their success as Chess coaches is their ability to adapt to every student and to make lessons fun and interesting for students and even their family members.


  1. We finally have a strong and well organized opening course for White and one for Black. With these and the FREE beginner to master level playlist from this YouTube channel, it’s all about consistency over an extended period of time 😎💪 ⬇Course on Black Opening (Counterblow) on White Opening (First Strike) Playlist (beginner to master level) the Endgame Knowledge I have the Strategy Knowledge I have

  2. Thanks Robert, what makes this explanation stand out is you playing it against the engine and showing the awkward moves that books don't always cover, Excellent !

  3. I like how in the gif in the beginning the guy not only takes the King, but he also does that with his own 😂

  4. 1:17 checkmate bro rook to h1 that's it if black rook come simply take it and it's mate

  5. Hello guys! I just got a game where I had to use the technique learned in this lesson. My opponent chose the worst continuation, but the Lucena position was already in place after move # 44. Hope you find value in it and please, feel free to skip to move # 44 👍

  6. This is the best explanation of the Lucena Position that I have seen. I had studied this endgame in the past using a book on rook endings, but I understand this position much better after watching this video.

  7. All your lessons are really easy to understand! Thank you, Robert!

  8. hey coach! can you do videos about most common end game positions in 1500-2000 rating maybe? there are a lot of end game positions to study but generally they are not that common in 1500-2000

  9. In just like basic mates they have fundamental endgames too and maybe we can train those endgames with engine and I think it can be good review.

  10. Hey coach, the only case I think you forgot to mention was what would happen if their king attacked our rook. For instance, at 7:40 of this video, if black moved Kb5 attacking the white rook, I think the right move would be Rc3, sacrificing the rook for the opportunity to promote the pawn to a queen. Is that right, or should we just move our bridge to the 5th rank with Rc5?

  11. Hey coach! First of all thank you for this lesson.
    What if, like at 2:33, the rook doesn't move from the file but doesn't capture my pawn either? Playing with the bot I've seen variations different from the ones shown here, as far as I understand at my level (like the king attacking my rook or the black rook attacking from the side along a rank). Should I try to come up with a strategy to trade only the rooks anyway or the tactics discussed here are no longer valid?

  12. Wow!! This was great
    King needs to be two files away
    Rook cuts off the king entry and forms a bridge on the 4 th rank
    King rook endgame expected

    Ok what's the significance of 4 th rank doesn't it depend on which rank the enemy rook is placed?

  13. "From behind is the best way to operate"


  14. Mr Ramirez plz I wanna ask u. What if black put his rook on the 4th rank before us. Then can we still win ?
    Thx a lot😊

  15. Thanks, Robert. As soon as you mentioned the bridge I remembered the name of the technique but not the method. Thanks for the refresher.

  16. Robert, as I remember it there is a second way. Ra1 to Ra8 which works in most cases. Yet, the "Bridge" is the best way as it works in all cases if you follow the correct procedure. Do I have it right?

  17. Hi coach engine can not tall you the technique… I mean the Adelle

  18. I liked learning about the Lucena Position

  19. 𝗔𝗺𝗶𝗿 𝗜𝘀 𝗛𝗲𝗿𝗲 says:

    you are great bro❤❤‍🔥

  20. This study is improperly attributed to Lucena. In reality the author is Scipione Genovino as shown in the book << Il Puttino >> by Alessandro Salvio – we are in 1634. Mr. Lucena has never dealt with this ending, he is famous because his is the first book printed on chess – 1497.

  21. This series is just amazing, keep it up Robert..

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