Chess Lesson # 90: Capablanca’s Endgame Rule | Chess Endings

Hello Everyone! Chess endgames can be extremely complex and that’s why we should study them as much as possible. There are many rules we can use to guide us through this stage of the game and in this lesson, we will talk about a few of them. The several-moves-in-a-row rule is one of them and you will see how Jose Raul Capablanca puts it into practice along with other concepts such as the take-it-easy rule and the principle of the two weaknesses.

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First tactics book:
Mixed tactics book:
Advanced tactics book:
Advanced tactics book (II):
Carlsen’s book (excellent):
Kramnik’s book (excellent):
Pirc Defense book:
Endgames book:

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Chess is an intellectual battle where players are exposed to numerous mental processes such as analysis, attention to detail, synthesis, concentration, planning and foresight. Psychological factors are also present on and off the board; playing Chess stimulates our imagination and creativity. Every single move a player makes is the result of a deep analysis based on the elements presented on the battlefield.

Chess in its essence teaches us psychological, sociological and even moral values. In a Chess game, both players start with the same amount of material and time. The fact that the white pieces move first is considered to be practically irrelevant —especially because a player typically plays one game as white and one game as black. Consequently, the final result of the battle solely depends on each player. It doesn’t matter if you win by taking advantage of your opponent’s mistakes or by simply avoiding mistakes yourself. Truth is that Chess is an extremely individual sport and our defeats can only be blamed on ourselves and no one else. And this, in the end, only benefits us because we learn to be and feel responsible for our actions and never come up with excuses to justify ourselves.

We also learn that when it comes to our victories on the board, our opponent’s mistakes play a more significant role than our own skills. Let’s not forget that a Chess game without any mistakes would be a draw. This way, Chess provides us with another valuable life lesson: be humble at all times.

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91 Comments

  1. I am thinking… white wants to promote the passed pawn on a3. Black wants to stop that, and maybe block the knight with the bishop.

  2. That was excellent instruction on this endgame from Capablanca.

  3. I'd say white is slightly better since they are one pawn up and they are connected. Black's bishop and king are more active than white's knight and king aaaand… I have no idea which plan I should opt for as white. Struggling to take advantage of small advantages. 🙂

  4. Really great content again, I am getting so much from these lessons! Thank you 👍

  5. Please make a lesson for KID against four pawn attack.. Thank you

  6. White is better. The plan is to put the knight in the center/centre possibly trading rooks and activate the king

  7. White is better due to the pawn majority on the queenside and the fact that black's rook must remain where it is to protect the f pawn. Maybe white can try to cut the black king off of the quenside and push the pawns over there. Also white can first block the c7 pawn and then target it. The knight and king can come in the center or the queenside and help with the pawn pushes or the capture of the f pawn.

  8. Thank you Coach! enjoyed this lesson as well 🙂 looking forward to more endgame knowledge! I have watched hundreds of videos on YouTube on chess, but I always find new ideas and lessons in your content. Also, I have been playing KI and Pirc's from black side and getting awesome results in bullet and blitz! I keep watching the videos over and over again! looking forward to more KID videos! Also, if you could please switch back the KID lesson format the way you taught Pirc's defense! Love from India <3

  9. Very instructive video again thanks for your effort i am looking forward to see four pawns next week

  10. Take it easy rule is so good. 3 fold psychology is interesting too, and so true. Thanks!

  11. My plan was different compared to his. What I thought of was to put the rook on c3 and advance my b-pawn.

    Reasoning is, I see a pawn majority on the queen side and my opponent's rook is tied down to defending the c7 pawn. One idea I thought my opponent can do is to bring the King to defend the c7 pawn though and enabling his own rook to move.

    But what do I know, I'm just some 1400. xD

    Another simpler idea I thought of was to just to plop my knight on e4 just to threaten Nb5, forking the rook and pawn while also threatening to just take the bishop and I just assume I have a better position leaving my opponent with 2 isolated pawns once I bring my King into the game.

  12. I guess my plan would be involving my king to this endgame by something likr Kh2 Kg3 Kf4 and I'm waiting for the right moment to play Nd4 and try to attack the bishop then the weak pawn.

  13. FEN for final position for lichess
    1k3rb1/8/3N2R1/8/1K3p1P/P7/6P1/8 b – – 0 1

  14. I tried to finish it against Stockfish but couldn't do it. I tried a gazillion times with take backs :-(. What's the strategy??

  15. Can you do a video on the Byrne Attack against the Pirc? e4 d6 d4 Nf6 Nc3 g6 Bg5. I'm pretty comfortable playing into the Austrian/150/Classical but Bg5 is another variation I see a lot of the time.

  16. Waiting for the 100th lesson it should be special😀also it's your 100th video advanced congratulations 🎉

  17. Hello wonderful person, i liked your online chess videos with commentry (moves with explantions). if possible please regularely post that kind of videos too

  18. Please make a difference video differenciating pirc ,kid and kia please

  19. Hello, I need help reading a chess book I got. It is the 15th Edition of Modern Chess openings. Do you have anyway I can contact you?

  20. Greetings Robert, another great video! Very clear, very easy to follow the point being driven. I just joined your channel and just want to ask, I have played chess since college but strictly as an amateur, no study or serious intention. Now I am more interested in improving. I would like to start from scratch(if there is such a thing). What do you suggest I start learning first? Thanks man! This is a great channel.

  21. Since there are pawns left and right the bishop is better. White is up a past pawn though. My overall plan for white would be to trade the knight for the bishop and try to promote the past pawn. White should have the upperhand here I think.
    You can also sez that black is a bit stuck here having to protect that c7 pawn with the rook.

  22. Your lessons really help me to improve.Now i become a 1600 rated player from 1200 within a month.please do some videos on 100 endgames you must know book lessons

  23. My plan would have been: Try to get pieces to dark squares. If I can get a knight outpost on c5 that could help promote my a-pawn. If I got chance I probably wouldn't trade the bishop for knight as I need the knight to keep attacking the blockading squares so I can keep pushing my pawns. I don't envisage my king being a big part of the pawn pushing, I think he just guards the kingside.
    Am about to watch the rest of the video now but thought I'd put this here upfront so you know what level your viewers are at.

  24. Have not thought much about the principle of 2 weaknesses being applied to our strength like that passed pawn for example. I think often when I get a passed pawn I tunnel vision trying to promote it instead of trying to create a 2nd weakness.

  25. I'm rated 1950 on lichess rapid, I tried this with the computer and I got a draw 3 times. I haven't done too much endgame study other than silmans endgame course up to 1600 USCF which I would be below I imagine so I'm focusing on other areas of my game for now.

  26. My plan for this endgame is to get pawn to a3, b4, rook protect the root of pawn at third rank, King and Knight pair up to the left, possibly putting knight at c5 as outpost. Honestly speaking from here onwards if my opponent defend well and dont make mistake i dont have any clear plan to win if the A pawn could not advance. I dont know how to create second weakness that you show us on the right hand side with equal number of pawns. I have read some lesson regarding queen side / king side minority plan. But really no idea how to win if both side are equals (without double pawn).

  27. so i have to train my devil mind now lol ;}
    no light to remain at the end of the tunnel :}}

  28. You are amazing, the best educational content out there…

  29. First position:
    I‘d put my pawns on darksquares, h4, g3, f4 if possible. Activate my king; bring it to d4 as a first step if allowed. Get my knight to c5 without giving black the opportunity to trade it off.
    If all that’s done, slowly advance the queenside pawns.
    Evaluation +- (white is winning)

  30. Thanks for this. I need to start envisioning where my pieces should be when I enter the end game, this should really help.

  31. White is better. White has an extra pawn and a protected passed P on the a file. My plan would be to advance that P. Any opportunities to trade the knight for the bishop or to trade rooks would also be helpful.

  32. I want to get my Q side pawns rolling eventually. Takes time. My R should protect them but I do not want the R on a white sq so Rc3 then b4 to stabilize the Q side. Then my Nd4 and my K to the center. Perhaps placing my K side pawns on black if attacked by the B. Then a dance between my pieces and his resulting in me pushing the Q side pawns. Capa was a master at handling pawns so I am guessing he will handle the K side pawns with more purpose than what I can see.

  33. I love such advanced plans. Its like a treasure for an intermediate player like me.

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